کوردی | عه‌ره‌بی  |  فارسی  Scandinavian | German | Dutch English | Contact  

The center of Halabja and anfalization of kurdish people is one of the humanitarian organizations struggling for processing the genocide and anfalization of the kurdish people
activities
subjects
Halabja
Anfal
Gallery
Documents
Archied
Contact us
CHAK commites
Summit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

110th CONGRESS

1st Session

H. RES. 106

Calling upon the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects

appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights,

ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the United States record relating to the

Armenian Genocide , and for other purposes.
 

IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

January 30, 2007

Mr. SCHIFF (for himself, Mr. RADANOVICH, Mr. PALLONE, Mr. KNOLLENBERG,

Mr. SHERMAN, and Mr. MCCOTTER) submitted the following resolution; which was

referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs
 

RESOLUTION

Calling upon the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United States reflects

appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues related to human rights,

ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the United States record relating to the

Armenian Genocide , and for other purposes.
 

Resolved,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This resolution may be cited as the `Affirmation of the United States Record on the

Armenian Genocide Resolution'.
 

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

The House of Representatives finds the following:

(1) The Armenian Genocide was conceived and carried out by the Ottoman

Empire from 1915 to 1923, resulting in the deportation of nearly 2,000,000

Armenians, of whom 1,500,000 men, women, and children were killed,

500,000 survivors were expelled from their homes, and which succeeded in

the elimination of the over 2,500-year presence of Armenians in their historic

homeland.

(2) On May 24, 1915, the Allied Powers, England, France, and Russia, jointly

issued a statement explicitly charging for the first time ever another

government of committing `a crime against humanity'.

(3) This joint statement stated `the Allied Governments announce publicly to

the Sublime Porte that they will hold personally responsible for these crimes

all members of the Ottoman Government, as well as those of their agents who

are implicated in such massacres'.

Page 2

(4) The post-World War I Turkish Government indicted the top leaders

involved in the `organization and execution' of the Armenian Genocide and in

the `massacre and destruction of the Armenians'.

(5) In a series of courts-martial, officials of the Young Turk Regime were

tried and convicted, as charged, for organizing and executing massacres

against the Armenian people.

(6) The chief organizers of the Armenian Genocide , Minister of War Enver,

Minister of the Interior Talaat, and Minister of the Navy Jemal were all

condemned to death for their crimes, however, the verdicts of the courts were

not enforced.

(7) The Armenian Genocide and these domestic judicial failures are

documented with overwhelming evidence in the national archives of Austria,

France, Germany, Great Britain, Russia, the United States, the Vatican and

many other countries, and this vast body of evidence attests to the same facts,

the same events, and the same consequences.

(8) The United States National Archives and Record Administration holds

extensive and thorough documentation on the Armenian Genocide , especially

in its holdings under Record Group 59 of the United States Department of

State, files 867.00 and 867.40, which are open and widely available to the

public and interested institutions.

(9) The Honorable Henry Morgenthau, United States Ambassador to the

Ottoman Empire from 1913 to 1916, organized and led protests by officials of

many countries, among them the allies of the Ottoman Empire, against the

Armenian Genocide .

(10) Ambassador Morgenthau explicitly described to the United States

Department of State the policy of the Government of the Ottoman Empire as

`a campaign of race extermination,' and was instructed on July 16, 1915, by

United States Secretary of State Robert Lansing that the `Department

approves your procedure . . . to stop Armenian persecution'.

(11) Senate Concurrent Resolution 12 of February 9, 1916, resolved that `the

President of the United States be respectfully asked to designate a day on

which the citizens of this country may give expression to their sympathy by

contributing funds now being raised for the relief of the Armenians', who at

the time were enduring `starvation, disease, and untold suffering'.

(12) President Woodrow Wilson concurred and also encouraged the formation

of the organization known as Near East Relief, chartered by an Act of

Congress, which contributed some $116,000,000 from 1915 to 1930 to aid

Armenian Genocide survivors, including 132,000 orphans who became foster

children of the American people.

(13) Senate Resolution 359, dated May 11, 1920, stated in part, `the testimony

adduced at the hearings conducted by the sub-committee of the Senate

Committee on Foreign Relations have clearly established the truth of the

Page 3

reported massacres and other atrocities from which the Armenian people have

suffered'.

(14) The resolution followed the April 13, 1920, report to the Senate of the

American Military Mission to Armenia led by General James Harbord, that

stated `[m]utilation, violation, torture, and death have left their haunting

memories in a hundred beautiful Armenian valleys, and the traveler in that

region is seldom free from the evidence of this most colossal crime of all the

ages'.

(15) As displayed in the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, Adolf

Hitler, on ordering his military commanders to attack Poland without

provocation in 1939, dismissed objections by saying `[w]ho, after all, speaks

today of the annihilation of the Armenians?' and thus set the stage for the

Holocaust.

(16) Raphael Lemkin, who coined the term `genocide' in 1944, and who was

the earliest proponent of the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and

Punishment of Genocide , invoked the Armenian case as a definitive example

of genocide in the 20th century.

(17) The first resolution on genocide adopted by the United Nations at

Lemkin's urging, the December 11, 1946, United Nations General Assembly

Resolution 96(1) and the United Nations Convention on the Prevention and

Punishment of Genocide itself recognized the Armenian Genocide as the type

of crime the United Nations intended to prevent and punish by codifying

existing standards.

(18) In 1948, the United Nations War Crimes Commission invoked the

Armenian Genocide `precisely . . . one of the types of acts which the modern

term `crimes against humanity' is intended to cover' as a precedent for the

Nuremberg tribunals.

(19) The Commission stated that `[t]he provisions of Article 230 of the Peace

Treaty of Sevres were obviously intended to cover, in conformity with the

Allied note of 1915 . . ., offenses which had been committed on Turkish

territory against persons of Turkish citizenship, though of Armenian or Greek

race. This article constitutes therefore a precedent for Article 6c and 5c of the

Nuremberg and Tokyo Charters, and offers an example of one of the

categories of `crimes against humanity' as understood by these enactments'.

(20) House Joint Resolution 148, adopted on April 8, 1975, resolved: `[t]hat

April 24, 1975, is hereby designated as `National Day of Remembrance of

Man's Inhumanity to Man', and the President of the United States is authorized

and requested to issue a proclamation calling upon the people of the United

States to observe such day as a day of remembrance for all the victims of

genocide , especially those of Armenian ancestry . . .'.

(21) President Ronald Reagan in proclamation number 4838, dated April 22,

1981, stated in part `like the genocide of the Armenians before it, and the

genocide of the Cambodians, which followed it--and like too many other

Page 4

persecutions of too many other people--the lessons of the Holocaust must

never be forgotten'.

(22) House Joint Resolution 247, adopted on September 10, 1984, resolved:

`[t]hat April 24, 1985, is hereby designated as `National Day of Remembrance

of Man's Inhumanity to Man', and the President of the United States is

authorized and requested to issue a proclamation calling upon the people of

the United States to observe such day as a day of remembrance for all the

victims of genocide , especially the one and one-half million people of

Armenian ancestry . . .'.

(23) In August 1985, after extensive study and deliberation, the United

Nations SubCommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of

Minorities voted 14 to 1 to accept a report entitled `Study of the Question of

the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide ,' which stated `[t]he

Nazi aberration has unfortunately not been the only case of genocide in the

20th century. Among other examples which can be cited as qualifying are . . .

the Ottoman massacre of Armenians in 1915-1916'.

(24) This report also explained that `[a]t least 1,000,000, and possibly well

over half of the Armenian population, are reliably estimated to have been

killed or death marched by independent authorities and eye-witnesses. This is

corroborated by reports in United States, German and British archives and of

contemporary diplomats in the Ottoman Empire, including those of its ally

Germany.'.

(25) The United States Holocaust Memorial Council, an independent Federal

agency, unanimously resolved on April 30, 1981, that the United States

Holocaust Memorial Museum would include the Armenian Genocide in the

Museum and has since done so.

(26) Reviewing an aberrant 1982 expression (later retracted) by the United

States Department of State asserting that the facts of the Armenian Genocide

may be ambiguous, the United States Court of Appeals for the District of

Columbia in 1993, after a review of documents pertaining to the policy record

of the United States, noted that the assertion on ambiguity in the United States

record about the Armenian Genocide `contradicted longstanding United States

policy and was eventually retracted'.

(27) On June 5, 1996, the House of Representatives adopted an amendment to

House Bill 3540 (the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related

Programs Appropriations Act, 1997) to reduce aid to Turkey by $3,000,000

(an estimate of its payment of lobbying fees in the United States) until the

Turkish Government acknowledged the Armenian Genocide and took steps to

honor the memory of its victims.

(28) President William Jefferson Clinton, on April 24, 1998, stated: `This

year, as in the past, we join with Armenian-Americans throughout the nation

in commemorating one of the saddest chapters in the history of this century,

the deportations and massacres of a million and a half Armenians in the

Ottoman Empire in the years 1915-1923.'.

Page 5

(29) President George W. Bush, on April 24, 2004, stated: `On this day, we

pause in remembrance of one of the most horrible tragedies of the 20th

century, the annihilation of as many as 1,500,000 Armenians through forced

exile and murder at the end of the Ottoman Empire.'.

(30) Despite the international recognition and affirmation of the Armenian

Genocide , the failure of the domestic and international authorities to punish

those responsible for the Armenian Genocide is a reason why similar

genocides have recurred and may recur in the future, and that a just resolution

will help prevent future genocides.

SEC. 3. DECLARATION OF POLICY.

The House of Representatives--

(1) calls upon the President to ensure that the foreign policy of the United

States reflects appropriate understanding and sensitivity concerning issues

related to human rights, ethnic cleansing, and genocide documented in the

United States record relating to the Armenian Genocide and the consequences

of the failure to realize a just resolution; and

(2) calls upon the President in the President's annual message commemorating

the Armenian Genocide issued on or about April 24, to accurately characterize

the systematic and deliberate annihilation of 1,500,000 Armenians as

genocide and to recall the proud history of United States intervention in

opposition to the Armenian Genocide .

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

A request for an annual academic magazine on mass killings and genocide committed against the Kurds

 

 

Stop the bombardment on innocent Kurdish villagers

 

Don't let the Iranian regime execute journalists: Adnan and Hiwa

 

Remove the Lausanne treaty’s denial policy and replace it with an acceptance policy

 

We condemn the genocide of the defenseless people of Darfur

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
To TOP

ناوه‌ندی هه‌ڵه‌بجه‌ دژ به‌ ئه‌نفالکردن و ژینۆسایدکردنی گه‌لی کورد (چاك) 
The Center of Halabja against Anfalization and Genocide of the Kurds - CHAK